Month: April 2021

Apr 30 2021 An estimated 500,000 babies born around the world each year develop unnecessary brain damage that could be treated if caught in time – but monitoring these infants’ delicate brains is extremely difficult. However, spotting these underlying causes at a critical, early stage, a new photonics device currently in development aims to reduce
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The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), remains a global problem. Like other coronaviruses, SARS-CoV-2 utilizes its spike glycoprotein to gain access to host cells. The spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 becomes cleaved by cathepsin – a serine protease – for membrane fusion to occur between the virus
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Using ultra-high field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to map the brains of people with Down syndrome (DS), researchers from Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland Clinic, University Hospitals and other institutions detected subtle differences in the structure and function of the hippocampus–a region of the brain tied to memory and learning. Such detailed mapping, made possible
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Mistrust in local and national government plays a significant role in slowing down child vaccination progress in Africa – the continent home to half of the world’s unvaccinated and under-vaccinated children, new research reveals. A study published in BMJ Global Health finds child vaccination rates in African countries are considerably lower in areas where the
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In this article 22UA-DE BioNTech CEO Ugur Sahin told CNBC on Thursday he is “confident” the company’s Covid-19 vaccine with U.S. partner Pfizer is effective against a coronavirus variant first identified in India. The strain, known as B.1.617, contains two key mutations that have been found separately in other coronavirus variants. The variant, also referred
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In this article NCLH CCL RCL Royal Caribbean CEO Richard Fain on Thursday cheered the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s updated coronavirus policies for resumption of cruises from U.S. ports. “We’re really very pleased and very excited because it really does set forth a pathway that we think is achievable, practical and safe,” Fain said
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Researchers have created a new, open-access tool that allows doctors and scientists to evaluate infant brain health by assessing the concentration of various chemical markers, called metabolites, in the brain. The tool compiled data from 140 infants to determine normal ranges for these metabolites. Published in the journal NMR in Biomedicine, the study describes an
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Contents of baby’s first stool were a biomarker for early-life allergy risk in a study of 100 infants. Infants who developed IgE-mediated atopy by age 1 showed a significantly poorer environment in their meconium — the fecal matter accumulated prior to birth and typically expelled within a few days of delivery — for microbiotal development
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Using artificial skin, researchers found that touching surfaces contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 can lead to transfer of virus to the skin.   The main mode of spreading of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is via airborne transmission via droplets from an infected person’s exhalation, cough, or sneeze. However, there is evidence that the
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After more than a year of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, it has become clear that children are less susceptible to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), both in terms of the number of infections and the severity of illness. However, some children do develop severe disease as well as a host
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People wearing two protective masks walk on The Embarcadero in San Francisco, California, U.S., on Thursday, Feb. 11, 2021. David Paul Morris | Bloomberg | Getty Images Dr. Scott Gottlieb said Wednesday the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention needs to more nimbly update its coronavirus guidelines as the pandemic situation improves. A day earlier, the U.S.
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For the first time in published literature, Le Bonheur Children’s Hospital and University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC) researchers showed that a variety of white blood cells known as eosinophils modify the respiratory barrier during influenza A (IAV) infection, according to a recent paper in the journal Cells. This research could have implications in
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Your twenties can be some of the best years of your life. You’re finally an adult, and with that comes true freedom while still maintaining a resilient and youthful body and mind. While you certainly should enjoy the prime of your life, there’s also an element of preparation and long-term game that one should keep
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VioletaStoimenova | E+ | Getty Images Americans shouldn’t hesitate to seek medical care if they believe they are suffering from lingering and debilitating symptoms due to Covid-19, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention official advised Wednesday. So-called long Covid is still not well understood by health experts, Dr. John Brooks, chief medical officer for
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A team of scientists from Estonia has recently characterized the anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibody response induced by an mRNA-based coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine in relation to age, sex, and side-effects. The findings reveal that although the two-dose vaccine regimen initially induces robust antibody response in all age groups, older male
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In this article CDC The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revised its public health guidance Tuesday, saying fully vaccinated people can exercise and attend small gatherings outdoors without wearing a face mask. People two weeks removed from their last vaccine shot can exercise alone or with other household members outside without a face covering,
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In view of increasing case numbers of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), it is important to develop accurate methods of risk prediction to help treat those at the highest risk. A new study in the journal JAMA Network reports on the disease severity associated with some
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Weill Cornell Medicine physician-scientist Dr. David Lyden, whose research has led to groundbreaking discoveries about how cancer spreads, has been elected into the esteemed Association of American Physicians. Dr. Lyden, the Stavros S. Niarchos Professor in Pediatric Cardiology and a member of the Gale and Ira Drukier Institute for Children’s Health at Weill Cornell Medicine,
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