Children

Researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center have developed a new framework for different factors influencing how a child’s brain is “wired” to learn to read before kindergarten. This may help pediatric providers identify risks when the brain is most responsive to experiences and interventions. This “eco-bio-developmental” model of emergent literacy, described in the journal
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Scientists have discovered a new genetic disease, which causes some children’s brains to develop abnormally, resulting in delayed intellectual development and often early onset cataracts. The majority of patients with the condition, which is so new it doesn’t have a name yet, we’re also microcephalic, a birth defect where a baby’s head is smaller than
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Too often, contends UMass Lowell faculty researcher Brenna Morse, children with complex chronic medical conditions spend days in the hospital undergoing tests for what could be a simple diagnosis. The challenges include, she says, some children with medical complexities, such as severe neurological conditions and functional impairments, cannot easily signal that they are in pain
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About 61% of Americans have had at least one Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE), experts’ formal term for a traumatic childhood event. ACEs–which may include abuse, neglect and severe household dysfunction–often lead to psychological and social struggles that reach into adulthood, making ACEs a major public health challenge. But the long-term consequences of ACEs are just
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The massive and continuing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), throughout the world, has led to a staggering toll of over 549,000 deaths in the USA, among over 30 million cases. A new preprint research paper posted to the medRxiv* server discusses the factors related
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The Lupus Research Alliance proudly announces two exceptional recipients of the 2020 Dr. William E. Paul Distinguished Innovator Award in Lupus and Autoimmunity: Jacques Banchereau, PhD and Ignacio Sanz, MD. Both projects funded by this grant are investigating different mechanisms altered in lupus patients that induce an autoimmune response. Their findings could lead to the
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Leigh syndrome is the most severe mitochondrial disease in children. It causes severe muscle weakness, movement defects, and intellectual disabilities. It usually leads to death within the first years of life. No causative treatment is currently available. One of the genes frequently mutated in patients is SURF1, which encodes for a protein involved in the
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Child development can be vastly improved by providing pregnant women and caregivers of children with an integrated intervention that consists of improved water, sanitation, hygiene (WASH), nutrition, mental health care and lead exposure prevention, says a study conducted in Bangladesh. Published this March in BMJ Global Health, the study noted that children in low- and
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Research has found that obesity and mental disorders such as depression and anxiety seem to often go hand in hand. Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and collaborating institutions are providing new insights into this association by identifying and characterizing a novel neural circuit that mediates the reciprocal control of feeding and psychological states in
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Type 1 diabetes is the most common metabolic disease in children and adolescents worldwide. It can be particularly dangerous as often there is no diagnosis until severe and sometimes life-threatening symptoms have already developed. The new ‘SINT1A‘ study explores the potential of a specific probiotic to strengthen the immune system early-on   in children with
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A pediatric heart transplant procedure pioneered by Canadian doctors–once deemed impossible–has been shown to be at least as effective as the traditional approach, according to newly published research in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. ABO-incompatible heart transplantation was developed in the mid-1990s, after a Canadian transplant team led by Lori West realized that infants
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An ‘astonishing’ deficit of data about how the global boom in educational technology could help pupils with disabilities in low and middle-income countries has been highlighted in a new report. Despite widespread optimism that educational technology, or ‘EdTech’, can help to level the playing field for young people with disabilities, the study found a significant
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Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved a new indication for Myrbetriq (mirabegron extended-release tablets) and Myrbetriq Granules (mirabegron for extended-release oral suspension) to treat neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO), a bladder dysfunction related to neurological impairment, in children ages three years and older. Myrbetriq is also indicated for overactive bladder in adult patients. Today’s
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Mar 22 2021 During a public health crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic, U.S. hospitals need to allocate scarce medical resources in an equitable manner, according to clinicians and ethicists at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. “Significant concerns have been raised that crisis standards of care may be biased against certain patients based
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Tobacco smoke-exposed children utilize emergency and urgent care services more often than unexposed children, which contributes to a large toll on the nation’s health care system, says research led by the University of Cincinnati. The study, recently published in the journal PLOS ONE, concluded: Children who are exposed to tobacco smoke have higher pediatric emergency
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STAQ (Safety, Transparency, Availability, Quality) Pharma and Children’s Hospital Colorado (Children’s Colorado) announced today the completion of product development work and the launch of several important sterile compounded medications that are widely used in pediatric hospitals. Offering pediatric concentrations and doses of commonly used sterile injectable compounded medications optimizes patient care and improves patient safety,
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A study to identify prenatal and early childhood markers of high risk for food allergy and atopic dermatitis, or eczema, as well as biological pathways that lead to these conditions, has begun. The observational study of children from birth to age 3 years will examine the origins of allergic disease by integrating interdisciplinary analyses of
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National work-family policies that give lower-income families more time together while allowing them paid time off are more effective for children’s psychological health than cash transfers, according to a study of developed nations led by Baylor University. In a study of about 200,000 children in 20 developed nations, the United States ranked lowest in overall
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The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), affects people differently. Some people may experience mild to moderate symptoms, while others may require hospitalization due to severe symptoms. Others may develop no symptoms at all. Called asymptomatic carriers, these individuals can transmit the virus to others without
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In-school COVID-19 transmission is rare – even among close school contacts of those who test positive for the virus – when schools heed public health precautions such as mandatory masking, social distancing and frequent hand-washing, according to results of a pilot study in Missouri aimed at identifying ways to keep elementary and secondary schools open
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